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Below are brief descriptions of the various eye conditions we treat.

There are many eye conditions that could be affecting your eyesight and could have long-term consequences if not treated properly. We list some of the more common conditions below. If you think you or someone you know has one of these conditions, please contact Elliott Eye Doctors for an exam and recommendations.

Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetes Mellitus is a systemic disease that affects the small blood vessels of the body. Primary care physicians recommend a yearly eye examination to all patients with diabetes. The eye is the only organ in the body where the small blood vessels can be seen directly without invasive testing. The appearance of the blood vessels and retina in the eye may indicate the health of the blood vessels and organs in the rest of the body. This information is important in the management of diabetes. Diabetes can cause bleeding and swelling of the retina (the receptive layer that lines the back of the eye which can permanently affect vision). Diabetic eye disease needs careful attention, as serious cases may lead to significant vision loss and even complete blindness.

Macular Degeneration

Often referred to as AMD or ARMD (age-related macular degeneration), macular degeneration is a common problem for the aging population. The macula is an area where our central vision is produced of the retina. A healthy macula is necessary for clear vision to effectively read or drive. As the macula begins to deteriorate, central vision loss can occur.

There are two types of macular degeneration, wet and dry. Wet macular degeneration is neovascular, meaning that blood vessels begin to grow in an area where they normally do not. In wet macular degeneration, new blood vessel growth can occur in the macula. In wet macular AMD may lead to blind spots and distortion in the central vision. Dry macular degeneration is non-neovascular and is characterized by a thinning of the macula, clumping of pigment and abnormal deposits in the macula. While dry macular degeneration is not as severe as wet macular degeneration, it can lead to central vision loss. Some patients can have both dry and wet ARMD.

Although there is currently no cure for macular degeneration, treatment options do exist. Treatments are aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and improving vision when possible.

Glaucoma

Often called “the silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is the slow, progressive, painless loss of peripheral vision due to damage of the optic nerve. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to a decrease in peripheral vision and eventually blindness. Increased pressure in the eye is one risk factor for glaucoma which is monitored at routine eye exams. Early glaucoma can go undetected due to minimal symptoms felt by patients.

While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are medications and surgery available that can help halt further vision loss. Early detection and regular eye exams are vital to slowing the progress of the disease.

Cataracts

A cataract is  clouding of the eye’s normally clear lens, which leads to a progressive blurring or dimming of vision. It is the world’s leading cause of blindness and among the most common conditions related to aging – by age 65, you have a 50 percent risk of developing a cataract, and, by age 75, risk of 70 percent.

A cataract starts out small and initially has little or no effect on vision. As the cataract progresses, it becomes more difficult to read and perform daily tasks. In the early stages, Dr. Elliott may recommend stronger eyeglasses and adjusting your lighting to reduce glare. When cataracts disrupt your daily life, Dr. Elliott may recommend cataract-removal surgery, which is one of the most frequent and successful eye procedures done in the United States.

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Keratoconus

Keratoconus is more common is young men but can be diagnosed at all ages. Keratoconus is a dystrophy which causes bulging and irregularities of the corneas and occurs in approximately 100,000-150,000 people in the United States. Symptoms often include visual distortion with or without eyeglasses and contact lenses.

There are new and innovative treatment options for Keratoconus patients, some of which are specialty fit contact lenses. For a consultation call Dr. Paul Elliott.

| Learn More About Keratoconus |

Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome is a common cause of blurred vision, decreased contact lens wear, and irritation. It is the breakdown in the quantity or quality of tears to moisten, cleanse and protect the eyes. When this coating dries up, the eyes may feel “gritty” or burn, become more sensitive to light, and often times causes increased tearing.

If you suspect that you have dry eyes, call Dr. Elliott. Proper care will not only increase your comfort – it will protect your eyes.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva – the thin, protective membrane that covers the surface of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids. Caused by bacteria, viruses, allergens and other irritants like smoke and dust. Some types of conjunctivitis can be highly contagious and are usually accompanied by redness in the white of the eye and increased tearing and/or discharge.

While many cases of conjunctivitis improve within two weeks, some can develop into serious corneal inflammation and threaten sight. If you suspect conjunctivitis, call Dr. Elliott for an examination and treatment.

Blepharitis

Blepharitis is a general term for an inflammation of the eyelid and eyelashes. It is among the most common and stubborn eye conditions usually resulting from poor eyelid hygiene, a low-grade bacterial infection (usually staphylococcal), an allergic reaction and/or abnormalities gland function.

Like some other skin conditions, blepharitis can be controlled but not cured. The main goals of treatment are to reduce the amount of bacteria along the lid margin and open clogged glands. Contact Elliott Eye Doctors to assess the severity of your condition and the best treatment method.

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Elliott Eye Doctors have the experience and equipment necessary to diagnose and manage the eye conditions detailed above. For more information, please schedule an appointment.
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